The Middle East
The Middle East is predominantly a Muslim based population with the exception of the Jewish State of Israel. Students are going to learn the historical impact of Islam, Christianity, and Judaism in order to understand the influence and affect’s these religions have in today’s world. The Middle East is highlighted by a struggle between the Jewish State of Israel and every other country that is Muslim. Jewish citizens were expelled from Jerusalem by Rome after the destruction of the Temple in 70 C.E. and were dispersed throughout the world (Jewish Diaspora). Jews experienced marginalization and racism throughout this entire period which later led to a concept developed in the 1800’s called “Zionism,” which is the belief that Jews should have a place where they can call home and be autonomous and free from persecution that they were experiencing daily at the time. The Holocaust was a tragic event that highlighted the racism and marginalization that Jews were undergoing when roughly 5 million Jews were sent to concentration camps where they worked to death or were exterminated. This event brought about the fulfillment of Zionism when the British gave Israel Palestine after World War II making Israel a country in 1948. The Muslim countries of the Middle East did not accept this warmly and attempted to destroy Israel in six wars in which Israel successfully defended itself, most notably in the Six Day War where Israel demolished Egypt, Syria, and Jordan. In the Middle East countries (excluding Israel) religious minorities lack the right to exercise their beliefs without risking sever consequences. Notable current events would be Iran’s current confiscation of Buddhist statues and the imprisonment of a U.S. citizen whom is a Christian pastor, Saeed Abedini. Citizens of the Arab world see the repression that is being imposed upon them by autocratic (one permanent ruler) governments and have started mass protest that led to the recent overthrowing of governments Libya, Egypt, and currently Syria.
Southwest and Central Asia Test on February 28th (Tentative)
The Middle East Unit Review packet will help the student be prepared for the Southwest and Central Asia Test, set to take place on February 28th.