Lesson 2: Functions of Government
Learning Targets and Language Objectives
Open and download the WGS_Critical Attributes of Limited and Unlimited Government_Unit 7 handout.
Work with a shoulder partner to categorize the statements as either a characteristic of limited or unlimited forms of government. You may use your vocabulary from the previous lesson if you need help. You have five minutes to work with your partner.
U.S. Government Explained
Characteristics of limited (constitutional and democratic) government include:
- Individual freedom
- Majority rule and minority rights
- Equality before the law
- Fundamental dignity and worth of the individual
- Private property rights
- Due process of law
Characteristics of unlimited (totalitarian or non-democratic) government tend to be on the opposite end of the spectrum from limited governments and include:
- Lack of Individual freedom
- Lack of compromise between the ruling group or individual and other groups
- Autocratic rule with limited or non-existent minority rights
- Lack of equality before the law
- Limited value for the fundamental dignity and worth of the individual
- Limited private property rights or private property in the hands of a powerful ruling class
- Human rights violations and no due process
- Restricted or non-existent voting (voice in government)
- Draw a T-chart and label one side limited and the other unlimited.
- Work with a partner to categorize the types of government: democracy, dictatorship, monarchy, republic, theocracy, and totalitarian based on the two categories.
- Remember, some types of government can be both limited and unlimited.
Open and download the WGS_Sensory Figure Analysis_Unit 7 handout.
After being assigned a type of government, work with your group to create a sketch based on the steps below. You will share your analysis with the class. You will use paper or an online tool such as http://drawisland.com/ Make sure all the names of your group members are included with drawing based on directions from the teacher.
Things to consider;
- See [eyes]: What would the leader be seeing? What would their form of government look like through the eyes of the leader?
- Hear [ears]: What would the leader be hearing? [from the people or other government leaders]
- Speak [mouth]: What kinds of things would the leader say?
- Feel [heart]: What kinds of things would the leader be feeling? [sentiments]
- Think [head]: What might the thoughts be of the leader?
- Do [hands]: What might be examples of things the leader would be doing?
As each group presents their sensory figure analysis, take notes in the appropriate box on your own copy of the WGS_Sensory Figure Analysis_Unit 7 handout.
Open and download the WGS_ACES Writing: Limited Government_Unit 7 and complete the writing assignment. Upload the completed writing as an Assignment in the Hub.
Revisit the Learning Targets and complete the post-assessment, citing evidence in the last column.