Lesson 1: Natural and Man-Made Borders
Learning Targets and Language Objectives
Natural Political Boundaries
Artificial Boundaries [man-made]
Question – Why do people/nations construct boundaries?
Stand up when you have answered the question using this stem:
Stem – In my opinion, people/nations create boundaries/borders because …
Share with a partner
As you watch the video Nations, States, and Nation-States pay attention to and take notes about the differences between the terms nations, states, and nation-states as they apply to borders and boundaries.
Nation State Definition Examples Characteristics
Natural Political Boundaries:
- based on physical features such as coastlines, rivers, lakes, mountain ranges, or other physical features
- Examples: Rio Grande between the U.S. and Mexico, Alps between Austria and Italy, or the Pyrenees between France and Spain.
- a fixed line drawn by governments; often these boundaries partially follow lines of latitude and longitude or some other human construct [surveys].
- Examples: Boundary between U.S. and Canada lies mostly along the 49˚ N latitude line or most any other boundary that is essentially a straight line.
- meaning they have no access to the natural boundary of a coastline.
- There are 43 landlocked countries in the world.
- What issues might a landlocked nation-state face?
- What conclusions can you draw about whether these nation-states seem to have natural or man-made borders?
Open WGS_Comparing Maps – Europe Before and After World War I_Unit 7.
- Which new states/countries were created after World War I in Europe?
- Which nation-states lost territory as new nations were created?
- Which nation-states “disappeared” after WWI?
Working in your regional groups, use the Nystrom Desk Atlas online or through Stratalogica in the Hub to access and interpret maps of your assigned region to determine which countries have natural and/or man-made borders.
The best map to use is under the Reference Map tab on the left side, then choose the Elevation map for the appropriate continent where the region is located.
Note that many countries have a combination of both of types of borders, while some – like islands – have only natural borders.
Create a T-chart like the one below to record your findings. If a country has mostly natural borders name the type of natural boundary.
Post the completed chart for your group as an Assignment in the Hub. Remember to include the names of all group members on your work.
Complete Exit Ticket Natural and Man-Made Borders in the Hub. Use the following sentence stems:
In my assigned region of _________ (name of region) the majority of the countries have mostly natural/mostly man-made (choose one) borders. One example of a country with mostly natural boundaries is _______ (name of the country) and those boundaries are _____ (type of natural barrier). One example of a country with mostly/all man-made boundaries is _______. I can determine this because _______.
Revisit the Learning Targets and complete the post-assessment, citing evidence in the last column.