Islam is a large religion that occupies One-fifth of the world’s religious beliefs. In this unit you will learn about the Prophet Muhammad and the visions he received from the angle Gabriel which was recited to a scribe. These jotted down recitations were complied in a book called the “Quran” and are vital to the religious system Islam. We are going to explore how this religion expanded and flourished amongst a pagan people to eventually becoming the dominant religion that consumed the Middle East. We are going to learn about the five Pillars and the basic precepts of Islam and the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties. Islam would later have a golden age (750-1257 CE) where advancements in medicine, technology, architecture, music, and the borrowing of the number “0” from India occurred. It was also a time where Muslims, Christians, and Jews could live peaceably with each other. That would later change with Pope Urban II’s call for the Crusades (1095 CE) to retake the holy land and a war between Christians and Muslims ensued. In addition, the Mongol invasion from the east would bring an end to Islam’s Golden Age.